Tag Archives: grain

GEAPS/IAOM Great Lakes Regional Conference in Angola, IN March 26-28, 2014

Fumigation Service & Supply, Inc. will be presenting both a booth and Fumigation Continuing Education Program at the 18th Annual GEAPS/IAOM Great Lakes Regional Conference in Angola, IN March 26-28, 2014.
The Fumigation Continuing Education Program will be held on Wednesday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm in the Snow Lake Room. USDA Research Entomologist Frank Arthur is an invited speaker from Manhattan, KS and will present new information on aerosols, insecticides and phosphine in mills, warehouses and stored grain. Other topics will include biology of stored product pests, fumigation hazards and safety procedures, calculating dosage rates and fumigant monitoring and efficacy.

The following credits have been approved: 
Ohio – 10A = 2 credits, 10C = 3.5 credits, Core = 1 credit
Indiana – 7A = 2 credits, 7D = 6 credits, RT = 4 credits
Kentucky – Category 7 = 4 credits, Category 7C = 3 credits
Michigan – 7A = 8 credits, Comm Core, FUM

Check out the program here:

Make sure you come see us!


Fumigating Grain with a Horn Diluphos System (HDS)

Circle pit
The HDS method is a modern and safe way to fumigate grain without entering grain bins or other confined space entry locations. Unlike solid phosphine fumigant, this system will allow the fumigator to add gas during the fumigation to ensure successful results.

Metal phosphides such as Phostoxin™ pellets and tablets were the main grain fumigants worldwide since the 1960s. Phostoxin was often used in many different types of grain structures from farm bins to large commercial operations. Cylinderized phosphine such as ECO2 FUME™ was introduced by FSS and BOC in 1999. It contains 98% CO2 and 2% PH3. A new way to fumigate large grain facilities was introduced in 2003, VAPH3OS and the Horn Diluphos System (HDS).

With the HDS system, there is no need to enter the bin or structure to seal or insert solid phosphine pellets, therefore no confined space or bin entry precautions are needed. The fumigant you are putting into the grain is completely gaseous. Because it is completely gaseous, there is no dust, spent material, or disposal once the fumigation is complete.

VAPORPH3OS is nonflammable once applied. Unlike metal phosphides, you are not waiting hours or days for an effective Rice Weevil concentration of phosphine to build up. The fumigation starts instantly. Accurate dosing to the gram occurs with the HDS. When the gas is applied, it creates a slight positive pressure which forces gas throughout the grain mass, aeration plenum, and through moist grain pockets.

Case Study
The covered grain pile shown above was fumigated with the HDS machine. The “Circle Pile” is 900,000 bu./25,000 tons. The bottom skirt is sealed with 6 mil. plastic sheeting, tape, and sand. VAPORPH3OS is applied into the bottom aeration fans for several hours. Three recirculation systems are installed on the grain mass, forcing gas to reach equilibrium quickly. Monitoring lines are installed with metal piping probed into the grain mass throughout the structure. Readings are taken in real time with the advanced Fosfoquim™ monitoring equipment to ensure efficacy. When fumigating large structures outdoors, wind and weather are important factors. The structure above required applying add gas to one side of the circle pile to make up for gas movement inside the tarp. Fumigant gas can be moved by either rearranging the recirculation system from high concentration to low concentration, or by adding more gas to the low areas.


Flat Grain Beetle



A Symptom of a Condition

The flat grain beetle is one of the smallest beetles that attacks stored grain and seed. It can be seen at sunset flying around grain bins. This insect is a secondary feeder that is attracted to moist grain. It is a symptom of a condition, and the condition is out of condition grain. When grain is spilled on gravel it will start to mold when it rains. This moldy condition will attract this tiny brown beetle from great distances away.

According to research at Oklahoma State University and Kansas State University, this insect is increasing its level of resistance to phosphine to cause control failure. Considering it lives in near anaerobic conditions, it is a strong survivor of harsh conditions. Resistance testing is important to help the manager dial in the correct dosage rate and fumigant to control flat grain beetles.

The real damage this stored grain and seed pest causes is its mere presence. The flat grain beetle and other moisture loving insects aggregate in large numbers and can cause the grain to heat up. These hot spots can cause the grain and seed heat damage and a lowering of quality.

If you offer this insect pest what it doesn’t like it will leave or die. Dry sound grain and seed will offer these insects those conditions that it does not prefer and it will leave or die. Fungus feeding insects are symptoms of a condition. Keep it dry.

Flat Grain Beetle


ImageWe provide a wide variety of pest control and fumigation options to this growing agricultural market. For 25 years we have lead the seed industry in the development of new fumigation options, starting with the introduction of magnesium phosphide to pre-packaged phosphine products to corrosion management to the new sulfuryl fluoride fumigant. Beyond Fumigation, FSS offers I.P.M. services to the seed industry. Our focus on stored product pests from the fumigation perspective gives us the knowledge needed to tackle the toughest rodent and stored product pest issue.

View the Grain Guide – http://www.fumigationzone.com/docs/GrainGuide.pdf


Milling Pic

Our roots as a company are proudly and firmly embedded in the milling industry. The President’s father, Albert Mueller spent 25 years as a miller, eventual head miller and one time president of the Association of Operative Millers. We focus on protecting the quality and integrity of our customer’s flour products. We not only pride ourselves on a high level of quality pest control and fumigation services but lead this industry in successful alternatives to methyl bromide for a sustainable future. Beyond Fumigation, FSS offers I.P.M. services to the milling industry. Our focus on stored product pests from the fumigation perspective gives us the knowledge needed to tackle the toughest stored product pest issue.

View the Grain Fumigation Guide – http://www.fumigationzone.com/docs/GrainGuide.pdf

Grain Fumigations

As one of the largest grain fumigation service providers in the Midwest, we specialize in conventional and advance fumigation methods for grain storage operations. Some of these services include:

1. Gas re-circulation, closed loop, “J-system” Fumigation.
2. ECO2Fume, a cylinderized phosphine gas fumigant.
3. VAPORPH3OS / HDS utilizes a pure phosphine gas fumigant in combination with a delivery system to provide cost effective and solid waste free, managed treatment.
4. Advanced real time gas monitoring.
5. Phosphine resistance analysis.
6. Sulfuryl Fluoride treatment as alternative to phosphine for resistance management.
7. Barge Fumigation

View the Grain Guide -http://www.fumigationzone.com/docs/GrainGuide.pdf

View Publications of Grain and Seed News -http://www.fumigationzone.com/grain-and-seed-news

View Phosphine Resistance Analysis Information -http://www.fumigationzone.com/files/10/Phosphine%20Resistance%20Information%20and%20Data%20Sheet.pdf

Check out the FSS family at the 2013 GEAPS Exchange!

FSS - geaps 2013GEAPS’ 84th annual technical conference and exposition will bring individuals and companies from around the world to Exchange 2013 at the Kentucky International Convention Center February 23rd to 26th.

FSS is presenting at booth 234 at the Expo Hall along with many other companies showcasing products, equipment and services designed specifically for the grain handling industry.

The Educational Programming Committee has carefully planned another slate of interesting and topical sessions. The Opening Workshop on avoiding catastrophic disasters will kick off the education program Sunday morning. The program will also include the very popular equipment-oriented Expo Pod sessions and the Idea Exchange, which will highlight innovative ideas from industry professionals. Of course, the heart of the program consists of the hour-long educational sessions, and this year’s schedule is packed with useful information which you can take back to your job and implement immediately.

Additional information at: http://www.geaps.com/exchange/index.cfm


Is That Place a Confined Space?

Is That Place a Confined Space?
by Ryan Yutzy, Safety Coordinator.

FSS - Grain bin safety
Although confined space entry has always been an important safety concern, recent near miss accidents and even deaths have put it in the regulatory spotlight. These events have prompted agencies such as OSHA to focus their inspections on confined space entry and fall protection regulations. Many companies have chosen to go over and beyond required OSHA standards in hopes of preventing themselves from becoming a part of the statistics and exorbitant fines. Because of this, employees, contractors, and subcontractors need to be aware of its importance and understand that adherence to site-specific polices are merited and are ultimately in place for their benefit and safety.

Nearly half of all confined space deaths have been those of rescuers. No one should ever enter a confined space to attempt a rescue unless that person has been trained to do so and has all the necessary protective equipment available to do so. Never think that it is alright to enter a confined space just because it looks OK. When lives are at stake it’s always better to take all precautions necessary to send everyone home safe at the end of the day.

Confined space characterizes any space having a limited means of egress, which is subject to the accumulation of toxic or flammable contaminants or has an oxygen deficient atmosphere. It includes, but is not limited to, storage tanks, process vessels, bins, boilers, ventilation or exhaust ducts, sewers, tunnels, pipelines, and open top spaces more than 4 feet in depth such as pits, tubs, and vessels. If an employee is expected to enter any such space he must be instructed as to the nature of the hazard(s) involved.

Because confined spaces have an unknown atmospheric environment, it is essential that entrants wear proper breathing apparatus along with retrieval lines. In some cases a fall protection system is necessary and must include a full body harness and lanyard of appropriate length. There must always be an assistant assigned to someone who is entering confined space so that continual contact is made with the individual in case of an emergency.

Here is a good video for grain bin safety:

If you have any questions about safety in our industry, contact Ryan Yutzy at: R.Yutzy@FumigationZone.com

Fumigation Service & Supply Capabilities

FSS - Grain SilosFumigation Service & Supply is a professional, highly skilled company trained in current fumigation techniques and ever changing safety requirements. Our fumigation crews are experienced in grain, seed and mill fumigations, HDS and J-systems, food facilities, railcars, trailers, logs, ISPM-15 for export and pest control services.
Website: http://www.fumigationzone.com/

Our product line consists of fumigants, safety and monitoring equipment, pesticides, rodenticides, hard to find and other items for the fumigation/pest control industry. For more information on our complete line call 1-800-992-1991 and request your catalog today.
Catalogs: http://www.fumigationzone.com/catalogs

Education is a priority with FSS. We offer continuing education seminars, on-site training, consulting and International Workshops.
Events: http://www.fumigationzone.com/news

Fumigating Grain Bins with Phosphine by

Fumigating Grain Bins with Phosphine
by Pete Mueller

Most of us have heard the name Phostoxin™ fumigant, and some of us have had the opportunity to use it or a similar product over the years. But what is it? Phostoxin is one of many brand names for a family of fumigants called phosphine and comes in a pellet form. A fumigant is a pesticide that reaches the target pest as a gas. When Phostoxin is exposed to atmospheric moisture/humidity it will change from solid aluminum phosphide to produce a gas called hydrogen phosphide or phosphine. This solid or tablet will leave behind an inert grayish dust.

At the proper temperature + time + concentration phosphine will kill all stages of target pests. Phosphine has been approved for stored grain in the United States since 1958. It is an old product but is still commonly used to protect grain and grain-based products across the United States and in over 120 countries.

Fumigants like ethylene oxide, carbon tetrachloride, ethylene dichloride, chloropicrin, and now methyl bromide have been removed from the market for various reasons: difficulty of application, safety (bystander, applicator, or product safety), or environmental impact. They are now gone and no longer registered for grain fumigations. Phosphine is still standing, a time tested method for fumigating grain storage facilities.

To continue reading, see our Grain and Seed Newsletter:

Picture Info: Non-confined space fumigations need to be sealed from the outside. This includes the roof vents and the eaves. Boom-lifts are often used to reach these heights safely. Careful sealing utilizing harnesses and ropes allows for an effective fumigation.

If you would like to receive our quarterly Grain and Seed Newsletters or Fumigants and Pheromone Newsletters, email Peggy Rutkowski at p.rutkowski@insectslimited.com and request to be on our emailing list.